See this respond with 100 each post and one reference

Critical thinking class:  

Steven Posted: 
 In the debate of the nine year old who was born with a brain condition called static encephalopathy, it’s  where her body will still grow, but her brain would not develop any further than a three olds mind.  Her mind will never grow with her body.  She would need 24 hour care for the rest of her life . Her parents felt that to improve her life that they would  ask for a doctor to perform a growth- treatment on her .  A hospital in Seattle was going to do the operation that included a hysterectomy, removal of her breast bud and given a high dose of estrogen to slow down her growth.  The hospital ethics board approved it  before the treatment was done. Looking at the parents argument that Ashley would be easier to take care of ,they said it was not convenient  for them to do this to her,  but it was for her when her body reached puberty.  Ashley would get frightened  and started to cry when a piece  of hair would tickle her face. What would happen if she had menstrual cramps?  Reducing the chances of having breast cancer and fibrocystic growth (both of which have occurred in her family) and to keep her at a small size was the intention, to allow the parents to be able to manager her better.  The parents would have to buy larger equipment, like wheelchairs, beds, and a lifting device the bigger she got. Being bed ridden all the time at a smaller size the chances of bed sores was greatly reduced.  Keeping Ashley small  would  allow her to  interact with other members of her family easier.   There is a lot of opposition to the treatment from handicap groups and the  medical sector .  Looking at the medical sector numerous  doctors have condemned  the treatment of Ashley they are saying that her basic rights have been violated.  Her freedom as a handicap person has been taken  away without her knowledge.  Ashley’s parents sought legal counsel before any treatments or operations  of her. They said due to Ashley’s condition the treatment was not against the law.  It was later found  that it was against  the law of Washington State to sterilize any  handicap person.  The decision by Ashley parents  was made in good intentions  for their daughters life, but they didn’t think about the debate that has stirred up.  The  premise was the parents decision to allow the medical treatment for easier care for their daughter.   The conclusion  of the story is that  parents who have special needs children must be taken care of in a special way to allow them to live their life. But all so All persons  have basics right in the way have to live  handicap or not
I would like to give my opinion to this story for my sister has a son who is also mentally handicapped and is wheel chair ridden, it has been a real challenge for my sister and her husband to take care of him and provide his needs at all times.  I would think that my sister or brother-in-law would never resort to this type of treatment that Ashley occurred.

Reference:

doctoranonymous.blogspot.com/2007/01/ashley-treatment.htm

 
 
 
Stacey:
After being diagnosed with static encephalopathy, it was decided and approved that Ashley X would undergo medical treatment and procedures to attempt to ensure her a decent quality of life.  Kivi, R. (2012) defines static encephalopathy as being permanent brain damage.  This damage to Ashley’s brain caused her to mentally remain as a three-month-old child.  She cannot talk, or walk, or roll herself over.  She also requires help just to hold up her head. Ashley’s parents thought it to be in her best interest if she could remain small so that she could be easily cared for.  Their concerns also focused on the negative effects that puberty could have on Ashley’s well-being.  Ashley’s parents, along with medical professionals, devised a plan of care to include procedures to prevent physical aspects of adulthood.  These medical procedures are now known as “Ashley’s Treatment.”  Ashley’s treatment has been the subject of much controversy.  Although opinions on this matter are strong, only inductive arguments can be made as the final outcome is unsure and can only be based on probability (Inductive Versus Deductive, 2011). The only true way to know if Ashley’s parents made the right decision, if in fact it was based on Ashley’s well-being, would be to obtain information from Ashley herself.  This would be highly unlikely due to her brain injury.
The strongest argument within the first article, The Moral Line in Medicine Shifts Once Again, claims that Ashley X’s parents are far more familiar, than anyone, with the needs of their daughter as they are her primary care-givers.  Lewis, J (2007) claims the parents made decisions on Ashley’s behalf to try to ensure she is afforded the best quality of life.  For Ashley, her ability to remain small will give her many years of opportunity to experience human touch by being able to be held by family members and other caregivers.  Govern, P. (2002) explains that human touch is vital to an infant’s overall well-being. Due to Ashley’s static encephalopathy, she will mentally remain a three-month-old.
            The second article, A Convenient Truth (2007), explains a few objections to Ashley’s treatment.  One objection is that the medical treatment and procedures she has undergone are “unnatural.”  Another objection was aimed toward her dignity.  The Code of Ethics (2001) places a high regard toward the respect for human dignity.  Although the respect for human dignity is truly important, I believe this articles strongest argument, what it claims as what matters most in Ashley’s life is that she should not suffer.  With the help of the medical procedures, Ashley will “be able to enjoy whatever she is capable of enjoying” explains Singer, P (2007).
Kivi, R. (2012) Encephalopathy.
 Healthline. Retrieved from: 
http://www.healthline.com/health/hepatic-encephalopathy#Overview1
Argosy University Online (2011) Inductive Versus Deductive. 
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Retrieved from:
http://vizedhtmlcontent.next.ecollege.com/pub/content/374a4233-dc92-43dc-9ab1-aac0b8565d39/AUO_HUM200_M1_L8_S1_G1.pdf
Lewis, J. (2007) The Moral Line in Medicine Shifts Once Again. 
The Independent. Retrieved from:
http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/311096455/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=34899
Govern, P. (2002) Touch Therapy Soothes Infants in Unit.
 Reporter. Retrieved from: 
http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/reporter/index.html?ID=2139
Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements (2001)
 Nursing World. Retrieved from: 
http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/reporter/index.html?ID=2139
Singer, P. (2007) A Convenient Truth. 
The New York Times. Retrieved from: 
http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/433487228/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=34899
 
 
People who posted on mine: 
Professor:   
Thank you very much Jennifer for your initial post in our M1A2 discussion on identifying with the main arguments involved in this controversial case of whether or not Osama bin Laden’s death will have a lasting effect on the continued existence of terrorism on the United States or not.  You did an excellent job of reviewing many of the arguments in the articles on this case that represent both sides of the issue.  What do you think are some of the strongest (or weakest) arguments on either side and why/how did you identify them as such?
 
Katyria Sanchez   
 
I enjoyed your response. 

The article did make a grand point on the deal of Bin Laden. Terrorism did not die in the hearts of the American people as well for terrorist them selves. Terrorism is not only an act from one man but thousands that may have the intentions of doing it again. Do you believe the death of Bin Laden will lower the chances of terrorist attacks? 
 
 
 
 
Ecology class:
 
Beau: 
Date:
Time
Type of Interaction  
(Interspecific or Intraspecific)
Description of Interaction
Classification of Relationship (
Predatory-Prey, Competitive, or Mutualism
)
0800-1700
Intraspecific
Interacting with customers on their accounts
Competitive
1230
Interspecific
Hit armadillo crossing road during lunch hour
Predator/prey
1300
Interspecific
Ate double bacon cheeseburger
Predator/prey
1315
Intraspecific
Gave mother dollar to cover her meal
Mutualism
1800
Intraspecific
Made dinner with family
Mutualism
1830
Interspecific
Ate chicken and stuffing
Predator/prey
1930
Interspecific
Feed dog daily meal
Mutualism
2115
Interspecific
Killed spider in the bathroom
Predator/prey
       
 
The competitive action today was similar to hyenas battling over a kill for the larger portion.  The predatory/prey action was similar to that of a hippo and a field mouse.  As the hippo moves across the savanna, his larger size squashes and kills the mouse without any detriment to its self. Mutualism is similar to that of fish and the ocean and the coral reefs.  The two living organisms live together and use each other to help benefit the greater good to help both species survive.
It is important to be able to be aware of each and every interaction with one’s self and every organism that surrounds them.  By being competitive with others, it pushes one’s self to become better and stronger which goes to the basic life principle of survival of the fittest.  By being aware of the predator/prey relationship in life, it helps to clarify one’s place in the food chain, or even the hierarchy of life.  Mutualism is a under appreciated trait that reminds all that without one, the other cannot survive.  As humans deplete natural resources, encroach and even kill off species, humanity has sentences different species or even different cultures to possible extinction.  By knowing how the world works, one must comply to the rules of nature to help preserve and nurture life of all kind.
 
 
Christina: 
Date:  Friday
Time
Type of Interaction  (Interspecific or Intraspecific)
Description of Interaction
Classification of Relationship (Predatory-Prey, Competitive, or Mutualism)
9:00am
Intraspecific
Interact with a Best Buy Associate regarding price match.
Competitive
11:00
Interspecific
Went to the gym to work out
Predator/prey
1:00
Interspecific
Had a salad for lunch at soup plantation
Predator/prey
3:30
Intraspecific
Gave a homeless man two dollars to buy some food.
Mutualism
4:00
Intraspecific
Made dinner with family
Mutualism
5:30
Interspecific
Ate BBQ for dinner
Predator/prey
6:30
Interspecific
Helped a friend with homework
Mutualism
8:00pm
Interspecific
put out some food for wild cat
Predator/prey
       
Part B:  Describe an interaction in nature similar to what you experienced or witnessed:
1:00pm (interspecific) A homeless man receives a few dollars to buy something to eat for the day because I took the time out to acknowledge him and not just myself. The benefit is that the homeless man will be able to put something in his stomach to avoid being hungry.
 
9:00am (intraspecific) I was looking for a good deal on an apple mini iPad 2 at best buy. The sales associate did a search on his phone to see who offered the best price because they offer competitive price match with other competitive stores to make sure that I get the lost price possible.
 
It’s important to be aware of each interaction with self, others and surrounding. It keeps you aware of common behaviors and helps people interact with individuals better and more confident. Recognizing mutualism means that you understand and can related with the fact we are different, in which we can learn for each other and apply some of the principles to real life situations. People have to respect species and understand they are just like humans. They connect the same as human, touch, feel and smell. Some species are used to help human with everyday operations of life
 
 
Argosy University(2014) Ecology and Environmental Sustainability Retrieved from:https://www.myeclassonline.com
 
 
TO ME:  The Professor:
Hi Jennifer,

Great job.  You have included a variety of intraspecific interactions and interspecific interactions.  Is this what you expected?

Dr. Debro

 
This needs to be done ASAP Please!!!!!!

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