Discuss the following question with your team

Assignment Required Discussion


This assignmet is for me to summarize all teammate portions in the body below  in 200 – 300 words and submit all portion on behave of our team.


Team assignment questions, must be put together and summarized


Post a 200- to 300-word response, as a team, summarizing all sections below for your team discussion.



Discuss the following question with your teammates as answered in all section below.

·         Team lead:  Make edits put all portions together, and submit – my portion

·         What are the implications and effect of tough ethical beginning-of-life and end-of-life decisions? – Teammate 1

·         How do these decisions affect the individual, and family  – Teammate 2

·         How do these decisions affect society – teammate 3

·         How do these decision affect health care providers – Teammate 4


What are the implications and effect of tough ethical beginning-of-life and end-of-life decisions? – Teammate 1 portion

Many of the most controversial moral decisions we face hinge upon decisions made on beginning of life and end of life options. The burden of life with treatment may outweigh the benefits.  These decisions have an important impact on suffering and the quality of living and dying. The majority of end-of-life and beginning of life choices is for medicinal decisions leading to complex consequences.  However, the medical end-of-life decisions are often the most challenging for terminally ill people and those who care about them.       


Carrese, J. A., & Rhodes, L. A. (1995). Western bioethics on the Navajo reservation. JAMA, 274, 826-829.


How do these decisions affect the individual, and family – Teammate 2 portion

            Ethical decisions, tough or not, affects individuals in different ways. An individual uses his or her personal and social beliefs to help make decisions. Often individuals ask many questions of themselves when dealing with tough decisions. One question often asked is “did I make the right decision?” Questions like this and the lack of answers can haunt an individual.

            Knowing a person’s wishes can help alleviate some of the burden one may feel when faced with tough decisions. Most individuals have vague talks with friends and family about life issues (Callahan & Lawler, 2012). Many physicians still do not embrace open discussions with patients and families about certain issues, such as end of life decisions (Callahan & Lawler, 2012).




Callahan, D. & Lawler, P.A. (2012, July 24). Ethics and health care: rethinking end of life care. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/07/ethics-and-health-care-rethinking-end-of-life-care


How do these decisions affect society – teammate 3 portion

As policy makers have acknowledged, public acceptance is the key to setting policies and permitting practices that will be widely utilized. Both the rationalization of suicide to donate organs and the justification of infanticide to increase joy are indicative of the depths to which a disconnection from fundamental ethical principles can take individuals and society. According to Marker (2011), “In recent years there has been an enormous increase in attempts to justify actions that, only a generation ago, were unthinkable. Particu­larly when addressing end-of-life issues, concerted efforts to rationalize previously repugnant practices have led society down a pathway where what was previously appalling is touted as appealing.”There is really no right or wrong answer in regards to beginning and end of life decisions.



Marker, R.L. (2011, Spring). End-of-Life Decisions and Double Effect. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly, 99-101.


How do these decisions affect health care providers – Teammate 4 portion

            Respecting an individual’s beginning and end of life decisions can be difficult for health care providers.  Often, the relationship between patient and health care provider can become close.  Therefore, at time is personal feelings and opinions can impact the professional judgment.  Health care providers must respect the decision made by the individual (Meisel, 2014).   Health care executives need to provide support programs to staff members to help then address any ethical concerns or moral distress that may arise during this time.  Examples of support programs are ethics committees and employee assistance programs (American College of Health Care Executives, 2014). 


American College of Health Care Executives. (2014). Decision near end of life. Retrieved from             http://www.ache.org/policy/endoflif.cfm


Meisel, A. (2014). End of life care. Retrieved from             http://www.thehastingscenter.org/Publications/BriefingBook/Detail.aspx?id=2270



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